Ruby is a beautiful and highly valued gemstone that has been prized for centuries for its vibrant red color and durability. It is a type of corundum, which is a mineral composed of aluminum oxide. When the aluminum oxide contains trace elements of chromium, it becomes a ruby.
Ruby is known for its rich, red color, which can range from a deep, dark red to a bright, vibrant red. The intensity of the color depends on the amount of chromium present in the stone. Rubies with the highest chromium content are considered the most valuable.
In addition to its color, ruby is also prized for its durability. It ranks a 9 on the Mohs scale of mineral hardness, making it one of the hardest gemstones. This means it is resistant to scratching and chipping, making it a great choice for jewelry that will be worn daily.
Ruby is mined in a number of countries around the world, including Afghanistan, Madagascar, and Thailand. The quality of the ruby depends on the location and conditions of the mine, as well as the skill of the miner. Rubies that are mined in areas with more chromium present tend to have a deeper, more vibrant color.
Ruby is a popular choice for jewelry, and it is often used in engagement rings, necklaces, earrings, and other types of fine jewelry. It is also used in some traditional and cultural jewelry, such as the Burmese “pigeon’s blood” ruby, which is considered the highest quality ruby.
Overall, ruby is a stunning and valuable gemstone that is prized for its rich red color and durability. Its versatility and beauty make it a popular choice for jewelry and other decorative items.